ПИТАННЯ ДО ЗАЛІКУ

ПИТАННЯ ДО ЗАЛІКУ З ТЕОРЕТИЧНОЇ ГРАМАТИКИ АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ МОВИ

 

  1. The subject of theoretical grammar. Its relation to practical grammar.
  2. General principles of grammatical analysis: semantic, syntactic and pragmatic.
  3. The grammatical structure of the English language: general characteristics. Analytic and synthetic forms of English words.
  4. Language as a system and structure. Language levels. Linguistic units and their peculiarities.
  5. The dichotomy of language and speech. Language units and speech units.
  6. Systemic relations in language: paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations.
  7. The morpheme as an elementary meaningful unit. Classification of morphemes.
  8. The word as the central unit of language.
  9. Lexical and grammatical aspects of the word. Types of grammatical meanings.
  10. Grammatical (morphological) categories. Referential and significational grammatical categories.
  11. The notion of opposition as the basis of grammatical categories. Types of oppositions. Neutralization of the opposition.
  12. The parts of speech problem. Different approaches to classifying parts of speech.
  13. Complex approach to the parts of speech classification. Notional and functional parts of speech.
  14. The problem of function words in Modern English. Function words in communication.
  15. The noun as a part of speech. Morphological, semantic and syntactic properties of the noun. Grammatically relevant classes of nouns.
  16. The category of number. Formal and functional features of the number category. The problem of number in different subclasses of nouns.
  17. The category of case. Meanings the formant “s” can render. Number of cases in English: different views.
  18. The problem of gender in English. Personal pronouns as gender indicators of nouns. Sex distinctions in the system of the noun.
  19. The article as a part of speech. Communicative functions of articles.
  20. The verb as a part of speech. Classifications of English verbs.
  21. General survey of the grammatical categories of the verb.
  22. The category of tense in English. Tense oppositions. The problem of future tenses.
  23. The category of aspect. Aspect opposition. Progressive and non-progressive verbs in communication.
  24. The category of voice. Voice opposition. Different views on the number of voices in English.
  25. The category of mood. The problem of mood opposition. Mood and modality.